One, Two, Three…Replay!
Welcome back! I know last time we said that we’d look at how the non-computerized transmissions work but we’re going to hold off on that. Instead, let’s review all that we have learned over the past several weeks. We want to make sure you have a good understanding of how the transmission works before we add any new data and concepts to this.
The Automatic Transmission
In this photo, you will see exactly what we’ve been talking about for the past several weeks. This is the side view of your car’s transmission. You can even see the Gear Shift attached. This photo gives a great perspective on how the transmission looks and where everything is placed in relation to each other.
Now…how does it work again?
You put your key in the ignition and you turn your car on. The engine is now running and the Torque Converter has been engaged. Transmission fluid is now pumping through your car’s transmission via the Pump, through the Turbine, into the Stator and into the One Way Clutch. This essentially keeps your engine running and keeps your car moving while its shifting gears, idling, etc..
When you shifted your Gear Shift into the Drive position, you have basically put it into First Gear and told your car that you want all the gears available for it to use while you are moving forward.
Now back to the One Way Clutch – the transmission fluid doesn’t just stop there. It keeps moving. Through a complex series of passages and tubes, the fluid moves into the Valve Body of your car’s transmission. And it does this only because it is under pressure the entire time.
This pressure is generated by the Oil Pump when you turn your engine on. It is connected to the torque converter which means it is connected to both the engine and the transmission. As long as there is sufficient oil located in the oil pan (on the bottom side of the transmission), it will create pressure and will allow the transmission fluid to flow through the transmission.
Now back to the Valve Body – transmission fluid is directed to the channels that lead to specific valves required to allow a gear shift to occur.
And how exactly does it know which channels to use?
In a computer controlled transmission, there are sensors that are used to capture lots of data related to your engine: brake pedal position, engine load (how ‘hard’ it’s working), engine speed, vehicle speed and many more. By compiling all this information, it can exactly pinpoint when a gear shift needs to occur. AND when it has properly identified that moment, it transmits to the Solenoid Packs in the transmission so that they can redirect the transmission fluid as needed to the correct clutch pack/band/servo to shift the gear.
Remember – a Solenoid Pack is simply a coiled wire that acts like a magnet when an electrical current is running through it and it can easily open and close valves.
In a Nutshell
You turn your car on. This causes the oil to create pressure that allows the transmission fluid to flow through the valve body, which selects the optimum gear for your car to be in at that specific moment. All you do is turn the car on, tell your car you want ALL the gears (putting in Drive) and put your foot on the gas pedal.
Until Next Time….